There are 16 Electoral Wards in Southampton, each consisting of longer-established neighbourhoods see below. Its southerly, low-lying and sheltered location ensures it is among the warmer, sunnier cities in the UK. It has held the record for the highest temperature in the UK for June at The centre of Southampton is located above a large hot water aquifer that provides geothermal power to some of the city's buildings.
This energy is processed at a plant in the West Quay region in Southampton city centre, the only geothermal power station in the UK. The plant provides private electricity for the Port of Southampton and hot water to the Southampton District Energy Scheme used by many buildings including the Westquay shopping centre. In a survey of carbon emissions in major UK cities conducted by British Gas, Southampton was ranked as being one of the lowest carbon-emitting cities in the United Kingdom.
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Next largest is the 45—59 range with 42, people and then 20—24 years with 30, Between and , the population of the city increased by 4. In March there were , jobs in Southampton, and 3, people claiming job seeker's allowance, approximately 2. In June , Just over a quarter of the jobs available in the city are in the health and education sector.
A further 19 per cent are property and other business and the third-largest sector is wholesale and retail, which accounts for Southampton has always been a port, and the docks have long been a major employer in the city. In particular, it is a port for cruise ships ; its heyday was the first half of the 20th century, and in particular the inter-war years, when it handled almost half the passenger traffic of the UK. Today it remains home to luxury cruise ships, as well as being the largest freight port on the Channel coast and fourth-largest UK port by tonnage,  with several container terminals.
Unlike some other ports, such as Liverpool , London, and Bristol , where industry and docks have largely moved out of the city centres leaving room for redevelopment, Southampton retains much of its inner-city industry. Despite the still-active and expanding docklands to the west of the city centre, further enhanced with the opening of a fourth cruise terminal in , parts of the eastern docks have been redeveloped; the Ocean Village development, which included a local marina and small entertainment complex, is a good example.
During the latter half of the 20th century, a more diverse range of industry also came to the city, including aircraft and car manufacture, cables, electrical engineering products, and petrochemicals. These now exist alongside the city's older industries of the docks, grain milling and tobacco processing. It provides local hospital services to , people in the Southampton area and specialist regional services to more than 3 million people across the South of England.
Other major employers in the city include Ordnance Survey , the UK's national mapping agency, whose headquarters is located in a new building on the outskirts of the city, opened in February Southampton's largest retail centre, and 35th-largest in the UK , is the Westquay Shopping Centre , which opened in September and hosts major high street stores including John Lewis and Marks and Spencer.
The centre was Phase Two of the West Quay development of the former Pirelli undersea cables factory; the first phase of this was the West Quay Retail Park, while the third phase Watermark WestQuay was put on hold due to the recession. Work resumed in , with plans for this third stage including shops, housing, an hotel and a public piazza alongside the Town Walls on Western Esplanade. Southampton had two disused shopping centres: the s Eaststreet mall, and the s Bargate centre.
Neither of these were ever commercially successful. The former was demolished and the site earmarked for redevelopment as a Morrison's supermarket. It was announced in January that the Bargate Centre is also scheduled for demolition, to be replaced by retail premises, student accommodation and apartments. Included are also proposals to open access to a section of the medieval city wall in that area.
In , Southampton was ranked 13th for shopping in the UK. Southampton's strong economy is promoting redevelopment, and major projects are proposed, including the city's first skyscrapers on the waterfront. The three towers proposed will stand 23 storeys high and will be surrounded by smaller apartment blocks, office blocks and shops. The vast majority of this is from the service sector, with the remainder coming from industry in the city. This figure has almost doubled since The city is home to the longest surviving stretch of medieval walls in England,  as well as a number of museums such as Tudor House Museum , reopened on 30 July after undergoing extensive restoration and improvement; Southampton Maritime Museum ;  God's House Tower, an archaeology museum about the city's heritage and located in one of the tower walls; the Medieval Merchant's House ; and Solent Sky , which focuses on aviation.
The annual Southampton Boat Show is held in September each year, with over exhibitors present. There is also the Nuffield Theatre  based at the University of Southampton's Highfield campus, which is the city's primary producing theatre. There are many innovative art galleries in the city.
The Southampton City Art Gallery at the Civic Centre is one of the best known and as well as a nationally important Designated Collection , houses several permanent and travelling exhibitions. A space also run the Art Vaults project, which creatively uses several of Southampton's medieval vaults, halls and cellars as venues for contemporary art installations. In August , work began on a significant project to create a Cultural Quarter in the city centre, on land adjacent to the Guildhall. Southampton has two large live music venues, the Mayflower Theatre formerly the Gaumont Theatre and the Guildhall.
The Guildhall has seen concerts from a wide range of popular artists including Pink Floyd ,  David Bowie ,  Delirious? The city also has several smaller music venues, including the Engine Rooms,  The Talking Heads,  The ,  The Joiners  and Turner Sims,  as well as smaller "club circuit" venues like Hampton's and Lennon's, and a number of public houses including the Platform tavern, the Dolphin, the Blue Keys and many others. The night club, Junk, has been nominated for the UK's best small nightclub, and plays host to a range of dance music's top acts. Notable bands who are now defunct include Thomas Tantrum disbanded , Kids Can't Fly disbanded and Heart in Hand disbanded Local media include the Southern Daily Echo newspaper based in Redbridge and BBC South , which has its regional headquarters in the city centre opposite the civic centre.
The local ITV franchise is Meridian , which has its headquarters in Whiteley , around nine miles 14 kilometres from the city. Until December , the station's studios were located in the Northam area of the city on land reclaimed from the River Itchen. That's Solent is a local television channel that began broadcasting in November , which will be based in and serve Southampton and Portsmouth.
Southampton also has 4 community FM radio stations, the Queens Award-winning Unity Community Radio  broadcasting full-time on It caters for the Asian and ethnic community. The fourth community station is Fiesta FM. This station is due to go On Air by mid on 95 FM. As of November , the most popular commercial radio station is the adult contemporary regional radio station Wave Other stations include Heart Hampshire and The Breeze 2. They reached the top flight of English football First Division for the first time in , staying there for eight years. They lifted the FA Cup with a shock victory over Manchester United in , returned to the top flight two years later, and stayed there for 27 years becoming founder members of the Premier League in before they were relegated in The club was promoted back to the Premier League in following a brief spell in the third tier and severe financial difficulties.
In , "The Saints" finished 7th in the Premier League, their highest league finish in 30 years, after a remarkable season under new manager Ronald Koeman. Their highest league position came in when they were runners-up in the old First Division. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Learn more about Amazon Prime. Get fast, free delivery with Amazon Prime. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Amazon Payment Products.
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